New Education Policy of India

New Education Policy of India 2020

A new education policy has been granted by central government. The education policy of India has been changed after a very long time of 34 years. There are major reforms in higher education, Indian knowledge system, languages, cultures and values, school education.

Major Reforms : School Education

  • Universalisation of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)
  • National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy. In this process kids age between 3 to 6 years will focus on basic numeracy and literacy
  • 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
  • Curriculum to integrate 21st century skills, Mathematical thinking and Scientific temper. Also, students of class VI will learn coding and Artificial Intelligence
  • No rigid separation between Arts and Science, between curricular and extra-curricular activities and between vocational and academic streams
  • Education of gifted children: It means extra talented students which generally exists 3 – 4 % should be treated with well-defined structures.
  • Gender Inclusion Fund
  • Kasturba Gandhi Bal Vidyalayas which generally run upto 8th or 10th grade has been upgraded to class 12th
  • Reduction in curriculum to core concepts
  • Vocational Integration from class 6 onwards
  • New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, Teachers and Adult Education
  • Board exams will be low stakes, based on knowledge application
  • Medium of instruction till at least Grade 5 and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in home language/ mother tongue/ regional language
  • 360° holistic progress card of child: It mainly depends on the views of teacher, views of his fellow classmates and the child himself.
  • National assessment center – PARAKH
  • NTA (National Testing Agency) to offer common entrance exam for admission to (HEI) Higher Education Institutions.
  • National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
  • Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
  • Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability

Uses of Technology is Mandatory in:-

  • Education planning
  • Teaching, Learning and Assessment
  • Regulation-self-disclosure and Minimum human interface
  • Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups (i.e., Economically weak, specially challenged person)
  • Divyang Friendly Education Software
  • e-Content in Regional Languages
  • Virtual Labs
  • Digitally equipping schools, teachers and students.

Major Reforms : Higher Education

  • 50% Gross Enrollment Ratio by 2035
  • Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education flexibility of subjects
  • Multiple Entry/Exit
  • UG Program- 3 or 4 years
  • PG Program -1 or 2 years
  • Integrated 5 Year Bachelor’s/Master’s Degree
  • M.Phil to be discontinued
  • Credit Transfer and Academic bank of credits
  • HEIs :Research intensive/teaching intensive universities and autonomus degree granting colleges
  • Model multidisciplinary education and research university (MERU)
  • Graded Autonomy :Academic , Administrative and Financial
  • Phasing Out Affiliation System in 15 years National Mission on Mentoring
  • Independent Board of Governor (BoG)
  • Single Regulator for higher education (excluding legal and medical)
  • Online self disclosure based transparent system for approach in place in place of inspection
  • Common Norms for public and private HEIs:
    • Private Philathropic Partnership
    • Fee Fixation within broad regulatory framework
  • National Research Foundation (NRF)
  • Internationalisation of education
  • Integration of vocational,teacher and professional education
  • Setting up of new quality HEIs has been made easier
  • Standalone HEIs and Professional Education Institutions will evolve into Multidisciplinary
  • Special Education Zone for Disadvantaged Regions
  • National Institute For Pali,Persian and Prakrit
  • National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
  • MHRD to be renamed as Ministry Of Education
  • Public Investment in Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest

Indian Knowledge Systems, Languages, Cultures and Values:-

  • Focus on Literature and Scientific vocabulary of Indian languages
  • Language Faculty
  • Research On Languages
  • Strengthening National Institutes for promotion of classical languages and literature
  • Indian Institute Of Translation And Interpretation (IIIT)
  • Cultural Awareness of our indian knowledge systems
  • Promoting Traditional Arts/Lok Vidya
  • HEIs/School or School complex to have artists in residence


  • Universalisation from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
  • Attaining Foundational Learning and Numeracy skills through National Mission by 2025
  • 100 % Gross Enrollment Ratio in Pre-school to Secondary Level by 2030
  • Bring back 2 crore out of school children
  • Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
  • Inclusive and Equitable Education System by 2030
  • Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
  • Every Child will come out of school adept in atleast one skill
  • Common standards of learning in Pubic and Private Schools

To understand the new education policy at a glance, click


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